- Randall Collins: Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory
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- Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory - Randall Collins - Google книги
Violence from this perspective is not a thing, not a property of individuals or organizations. Violence, rather, is a process, that takes place in a great many micro-situations.
Randall Collins: Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory
In seeing violence emerging in and through interactions between concretely situated individuals, Collins reveals his indebtedness to Erving Goffman and his own work on Interaction Ritual Chains These emotions become a roadblock to violence, and so flight and stalemate often result. Actual violence only occurs when pathways around this roadblock can be found that lead people into a "tunnel of violence. Other ways around the stalemate of confrontational tension are to attack a weak victim e.
Clearly, these pathways can also be combined, as when a schoolyard bully is encouraged by a crowd of classmates or when forward panic is stimulated by a group of bystanders. User lists with this item 9 violence, war, terrorism; peace, justice, redress 31 items by schusterp updated about 2 days ago.
Linked Data More info about Linked Data. Cleaned-up and staged violence -- 6. Staging fair fights -- Hero versus hero -- Audience supports and limits on violence -- Fighting schools and fighting manners -- Displaying risk and manipulating danger in sword and pistol duels -- The decline of elite dueling and its replacement by the gunfight -- Honor without fairness : vendettas as chains of unbalanced fights -- Ephemeral situational honor and leap-frog escalation into one-gun fights -- Behind the facade of honor and disrespect -- The cultural prestige of fair and unfair fights -- 7.
Violence as fun and entertainment -- Moral holidays -- Looting and destruction as participation sustainers -- The wild party as elite potlatch -- Carousing zones and boundary exclusion violence -- End-resisting violence -- Frustrated carousing and stirring up effervescence -- Paradox : why does most intoxication not lead to violence?
Sports violence -- Sports as dramatically contrived conflicts -- Game dynamics and player violence -- Winning by practical skills for producing emotional energy dominance -- The timing of player violence : loser-frustration fights and turning-point fights -- Spectators' game-dependent violence -- Offsite fans' violence : celebration and defeat riots -- Offsite violence as sophisticated technique : soccer hooligans -- The dramatic local construction of antagonistic identities -- Revolt of the audience in the era of entertainers' domination.
The dirty secrets of violence -- 2.
- Micro and macro sociological causes of violent atrocities;
- Reminiscences of a Castro Colonist.
- Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory.
- Violence: a micro-sociological theory.
Confrontational tension and incompetent violence -- Brave, competent and evenly matched? Forward panic -- Confrontational tension and release : hot rush, piling on, overkill -- Atrocities of war -- Caveat : the multiple causation of atrocities -- Asymmetrical entrainment of forward panic and paralyzed victims -- Forward panics and one-sided casualties in decisive battles -- Atrocities of peace -- Crowd violence -- Demonstrators and crowd-control forces -- The crowd multiplier -- Alternatives to forward panic -- 4. Attacking the weak : I. Domestic abuse -- The emotional definition of the situation -- Background and foreground explanations -- Abusing the exceptionally weak : time-patterns from normalcy to atrocity -- Three pathways : normal limited conflict, severe forward panic, and terroristic torture regime -- Negotiating interactional techniques of violence and victimhood -- 5.
Attacking the weak : II. Bullying, mugging, and holdups -- The continuum of total institutions -- Mugging and holdups -- Battening on interactional weakness. The micro-sociology of violent confrontations -- Violent situations -- Micro-evidence : situational recordings, reconstructions, and observations -- Comparing situations across types of violence -- Fight myths -- Violent situations are shaped by an emotional field of tension and fear -- Alternative theoretical approaches -- Historical evolution of social techniques for controlling confrontational tension -- Sources -- Preview -- The complementarity of micro and macro theories.
Dynamics and structure of violent situations -- 9.
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How fights start, or not -- Normal limited acrimony : griping, whining, arguing, quarreling -- Boasting and blustering -- The code of the street : institutionalized bluster and threat -- Pathways into the tunnel of violence -- The violent few -- Small numbers of the actively and competently violent -- Confrontation leaders and action-seekers : police -- Who wins? Violence as dominance in emotional attention space -- What does the rest of the crowd do? Please do not use Google Chrome " ;.
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Violence: A Micro-sociological Theory - Randall Collins - Google книги
Randall Collins Find more information about: Randall Collins. Table of contents Contributor biographical information Publisher description. Home About Help Search. Violence can appear on the scene rapidly but it can vanish as well, so there is hope for Iraq.
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In reality most violent encounters end almost immediately, contrary to TV and the movies. Someone runs away or a single punch ends the struggle. The actual gunfight at O. Corral took less than thirty seconds, whereas the famous movie scene extends for ten minutes. In combat it is just as dangerous to be a medic as a soldier, but medics experience far less combat fatigue.
Collins argues this is because killing is in so many ways contrary to human nature. This book has soo many interesting parts, including the micro-dynamics of the Rape of Nanjing, how British soccer stadium designs were but now less conducive to violence, how demonstrations can turn into violent confrontations with the police lines break down and micro-situations of overwhelming power arise , which children and schools are most conducive to bullying, why basketball has fewer fights than football or hockey no padding , the dynamics of a mosh pit, and how hired assassins motivate themselves, among many other topics.
I think Collins too quickly downplays the importance of evolutionary biology most fights are between young males , and it is not always clear if he has a systematic theory or instead a catalog of causes of violence.