- No wonder the pope has caused confusion. Heaven and hell are a state of mind
- The Truth About Hell
- Translation of the word "Sheol" in the Old Testament
- Heaven and Hell in Christian Thought
Religious translations are often controversial. Not all religions shun the Devil, though. Another type of Satanists, theistic Satanists, worship the Devil as a deity. They may practice Satanic rituals or even make Satanic pacts. Devil Worship in the Middle Ages. Loyola University New Orleans. Jewish Concepts: Demons and Demonology. Jewish Virtual Library. Puritans Beliefs on Satan and Witchcraft.
Gettysburg College. Access to Insight. The Independent.
No wonder the pope has caused confusion. Heaven and hell are a state of mind
Theistic Satanism: The new Satanisms of the era of the Internet. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The Bible is the holy scripture of the Christian religion, purporting to tell the history of the Earth from its earliest creation to the spread of Christianity in the first century A. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament have undergone changes over the centuries, The zombie, often portrayed as an undead, flesh-eating, decaying corpse, has enjoyed a popularity surge in recent years.
The werewolf is a mythological animal and the subject of many stories throughout the world—and more than a few nightmares. Werewolves are, according to some legends, people who morph into vicious, powerful wolves. Others are a mutant combination of human and wolf.
But all are The Inquisition was a powerful office set up within the Catholic Church to root out and punish heresy throughout Europe and the Americas. Beginning in the 12th century and continuing for hundreds of years, the Inquisition is infamous for the severity of its tortures and its Images of witches have appeared in various forms throughout history—from evil, wart-nosed women huddling over a cauldron of boiling liquid to hag-faced, cackling beings riding through the sky on brooms wearing pointy hats.
In pop culture, witches have been a benevolent, Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets. History is essential to understanding the Jewish faith, which is embedded in tradition, law and culture. Wicca is a modern-day, nature-based pagan religion. Though rituals and practices vary among people who identify as Wiccan, most observations include the festival celebrations of solstices and equinoxes, the honoring of a male god and a female goddess, and the incorporation of Zoroastrianism is an ancient Persian religion that may have originated as early as 4, years ago.
Zoroastrianism was the state religion of three Persian dynasties, until the He and other early Quakers, or Friends, were persecuted for their beliefs, which included the idea that the presence of God exists in every What are we talking about? What is it we want people saved from?
That is the compelling question. The answer to that question, as far as Scripture is concerned, is a simple answer. We want to see people saved from eternal punishment, punishment that never ends. Conscious existence, conscious life in a body resurrected and suited for everlasting punishment. The Bible speaks of that as occurring in a place that we know as hell. In the Old Testament, the word Sheol makes reference to that in a general way.
In the New Testament, the word Hades is sometimes with reference to that. But always the word hell coming from the Greek word Gehenna speaks of what the book of Revelation calls this Lake of Fire where people are punished and tormented forever. I think we sort of comfortably distance ourselves from that reality. Certainly in general in the church it is looked over, passed by, ignored. This is about salvation from hell.
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The doctrine of hell, the truth of hell, the reality of hell has found its way into the thinking of our culture. According to the latest survey that I could find, seventy-five percent of people living in America believe in hell. Of those 75 percent, four percent believe there is any chance that they will ever go there. There is a hell. We live in a world where sin is freely exploited. And you watch the outrage, at least in the athletic world, if not in the Roman Catholic Church, over the sin of pedophilia. The murder of a child is still an outrage. Absolutely no consequences to that kind of immoral behavior.
And the truth of the matter is then if the culture imposes no consequences and the family imposes no consequences, the society places no stigma on people for the kind of behaviors that are sinful behaviors, people get so used to sinning without consequences that when you introduce the idea that they will pay in full forever for every sin, that is just alien to their thinking. People sin without immediate consequences and to try to convince them that there are somehow down the road, decades from now if they live, deferred consequences is a hard sell. That is a very difficult thing to convince people about who are so used to sinning.
Churches are…so-called churches are very, very reluctant to confront sin, very reluctant to do the discipline that the Bible talks about doing, to teach people the consequence of sin. Parents are very reluctant to create significant consequences for the sins of their children, which may be the most important thing apart from the gospel that your child ever learns. That sin has immense and painful consequences. We need to tell people that every unforgiven sin, every sin committed by every person who rejects Jesus Christ will be justly punished by God forever in a place called hell.
This is not new. This is what the Bible has said. You can go back to Moses. You can go back to the Pentateuch, the first section of books in the Bible. Jesus is a hell-fire preacher. Here is Jesus arriving in Jerusalem and beginning the first part of His ministry, then going up to Galilee and finishing off His ministry and wherever He went He was a preacher of hell. The Sermon on the Mount happens to be given on a hillside in Galilee. Better to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell. In Matthew chapter 18 He talks about hell. He talks about hell in chapter 23 several times.
Yes, Jesus was a hell-fire preacher. Salvation is a word that means deliverance or rescue and the question is…from what?
The Truth About Hell
Contemporary kind of corrupted Christianity would offer many psychological and even material substitutes for hell. No, no, He desires to save you from hell, from the fiery hell, the lake of fire that is eternal. The message of Scripture is that salvation is a rescue, a rescue from a real place called hell. Jesus spoke more about hell than anybody else in the Bible.
In fact, He spoke more about hell than everybody else in the Bible combined. And He defined it as conscious, eternal punishment…conscious, eternal punishment. Our Lord Jesus believed in eternal hell. He continually spoke about hell and He warned sinners to escape hell because of its horrible reality. You will remember this. Besides, even the dogs were coming and licking his sores. So this would be heaven. And there went the poor man. The rich man, on the other hand, died and was buried in Hades, which, of course, here refers to hell because of the way its described.
He lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far away and Lazarus in his bosom. This is a parable and there are some names the Lord uses. So now Jesus tells us this is a place that you go to after death. This is a place of torment. This is a place of thirst. This is a place of agony. This is a place of fire. All of that is in what we just read. And besides all this between us and you, there is a great chasm fixed so that those who wished to come over from here to you will not be able and none may cross over from there to us.
Translation of the word "Sheol" in the Old Testament
Was the Son of God wrong about that? Are the deniers of hell correct and there are many, many of them? It has become popular these days to deny the doctrine of hell in one of three ways, okay?
Number one is the view called annihilationism…annihilationism. This says unbelievers go out of existence. The second view that is offered, and by the way, people give very sophisticated arguments for this. I read a book, pages on annihilationism trying to make the argument from the text of Scripture called The Fire That Consumes.
And there are many others…many others. The second possibility that is offered today is universalism…universalism. This says that all unbelievers are in the end saved. These people would say yes, there is a hell. And this is where they hedge against the first one. There is a hell but hell was created for the devil and his angels, and that is what it says, of course, in the book of Revelation. If everybody is saved in the end, then everything in the Bible that speaks of eternal punishment is unbelievable, error. Universalism has its advocates, believe me.
There are many advocates of universalism but they tend to be Bible deniers. Now how to they make their case? How do you make a case for unbelievers just being obliterated, exterminated, wiped out forever? Apollumi is the word to destroy. But it is not its only meaning. But they say that word says that the ones who are under the judgment of God will be destroyed both soul and body in hell, so that they would go to hell and then be wiped out and exterminated, annihilated forever, non-existence.
Is that the correct understanding of that word? Fortunately we have that word 80 times in the New Testament so we get a good breadth of understanding about how the verb apollumi is used. It has very broad meaning. So the word can mean to kill, to drown, to render useless such as the case of wineskins, or to be lost. Judas perished. Did he go out of existence? Jesus said he went not out of existence, but he went to his own place. He went to his own place.
Can I have a witness? Why has this perfume been wasted, says Judas about pouring perfume on Jesus. So it is possible to translate the word destroy but it is not the word for annihilation, obliteration, non-existence. Furthermore, in Matthew chapter 3 verse 12, Scripture calls hell the unquenchable fire. He will be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the lamb and the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever.
They have no rest day and night. So they try to go to another word. These will pay the penalty of eternal destruction. This is not the word apollumi , this is a different word, olethros…olethros. That is not what this word necessarily means. So the destruction of the flesh means some kind of devastation but does not necessarily mean annihilation. Furthermore, in this verse, verse 9, these pay the penalty of eternal destruction away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power which means that they are placed somewhere away from God.
Do you think that means absolute annihilation, non-existence? Not annihilation. By the way, ruin here in verse…Timothy is olethros and destruction comes from the verb apollumi. So both the words are used here to refer to something other than annihilation. So some of these texts, if you connect the dots, we would conclude this. Both these words mean the ruin of someone for useful purpose or function…the ruin of someone for a useful purpose or function, the ruin of a wineskin, the ruin of food that perishes, the ruin of a life destroyed by the love of money, and the temptations that come with it for any useful purpose, a soul ruined, a soul destroyed as to its usefulness, not its existence.
And it became the metaphor for the Lake of Fire, for hell. You threw whatever was useless into the trash into the fire. When I was a kid growing up, everybody in my neighborhood had an incinerator…we had an incinerator before smog. There were no trash trucks. We burned everything in an incinerator in the back of the house.
Heaven and Hell in Christian Thought
Everything that was useless, everything that was to be discarded, and it seemed like it was always burning day after day. A soul forever ruined for usefulness to God, having a spoiled marred image, we talked about that this morning, is thrown into the everlasting trash heap, the burning fires of Gehenna or hell. You cannot make that case from Scripture. It would have been good for that man if he had not been born. Why would He say that? Because of the consequences that are about to come to him.
Hell is eternal conscious punishment. Now, for a minute, I want you to turn to Matthew chapter 25, enough of trying to answer those lame arguments. I understand the emotion behind them.
Neither is heaven. Those will go away into eternal punishment. The righteous will go into eternal life. If there is eternal life, then there is eternal punishment. Get rid of hell and you have to get rid of heaven as being forever. Was our Lord wrong about this? Are the critics right? Are the deniers of hell right and the Lord is wrong? If the Lord was wrong, why was He wrong? Was He ignorant of the truth? Was He not so much ignorant as inept? Let me put the case where it really belongs. Did Jesus mean to teach annihilation and somehow goof it up and teach the opposite?
He meant to teach annihilation and He just messed it up. There is one pastor on the east coast who preached 76 hour-long sermons on hell. That would empty a church. Look, it comes up, when it comes up in the Scripture, you deal with it. One is enough to make the case. But let me give you some perspectives that will help. We need to use our minds, God has given us our minds to reason rightly. Satan and the demons will be sent to the Lake of Fire forever. Because they rebelled against God. Satan and one third of the holy angels rebelled against God. Unbelievers rebel against God. Unbelievers not only rebel against God but we are in the family of Satan.
Unbelievers are in that family and we rebel as the angels rebelled and we must receive the same punishment that anyone who rebels deserves, the same kind of punishment, same nature of punishment, the same duration of punishment because we commit the same crime. In the twentieth chapter of Revelation, the devil, verse 10, who deceived them was thrown into the Lake of Fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are also. The beast and the false prophet are just human beings. So that torment will be for the demons and Satan.
That torment will be for men who committed themselves to follow Satan, namely the beast and the false prophet. Sinners and fallen angels commit the same crime, share the same guilt and receive the same punishment. The law giver determines that. And that is always the hurdle that people have trouble getting over. How can a temporal sin or sins result in an eternal punishment? It seems excessive.
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Let me help you with that. The amount of time that a sinner sins is irrelevant. If the sinner dies at fifteen-years-old; thirty-five or a hundred and ten; the amount of time a sinner sins is irrelevant. Crimes against the infinitely holy and exalted God are infinitely wicked and the punishment fits the crime. Infinite crimes against an infinite God deserve an infinite punishment.
Sinners who go to hell never repent. They never repent. They continue to rebel. Every description of hell indicates to us that it is…listen carefully…it is not a remedial experience. It is not remedial justice. It is retributive justice. They remain God-haters forever so that the punishment never catches up with the sin. Understand that? In hell they continue to hate God. In hell they continue to curse God. In hell they continue to mock God and blaspheme God and hate Christ. So the punishment never catches up to the sin because the sinning never, ever, ever ceases.
They go to hell and keep on sinning forever, so the punishment can never catch up with the wretchedness. Let me tell you something. I believe that sinners are more sinful in hell than they were on earth because their sin on earth is mitigated to some degree, necessarily mitigated. There are restraints. There are expectations. But in hell, there are none. Everybody is as evil as he can be. Let me talk about it just for a moment from a theological.
And that would be to understand the nature of God. God, because He is holy and because He is absolutely righteous and just, must punish sin.
It shall be from new moon to new moon, and Sabbath to Sabbath, and all mankind will come to bow down before Me, says the Lord.