- Un vestido rojo para bailar boleros
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Most of the new writers still treasure the craft of story telling. Plots often involve the underworld, where drugs commingle with scandalous institutional corruption, guerrilla attacks, death squads, and common crime. Favored genres are the hardboiled, thrillers, crime novels, pulp fiction, and even journalistic fiction, though by no means do these exhaust the wide variety of writing practices. In all cases, the binaries inherent to these popular genres good vs. At the end, the journalist might have glimpsed the truth behind the crime, but he has lost his girlfriend, complete confidence in all public institutions, the possibility of righting wrong, and worst of all, his faith in journalism to make the truth be known.
Defeated, one may assume, the reporter takes up the pen and writes the novel we are reading. Fiction, therefore, seems to be the only realm wherein truth still exists. Other authors who use the detective genre to explore the limits and responsibilities of truth telling are Hugo Chaparro-Valderrama, Mario Mendoza, and Luis Noriega.
Perhaps, the most notorious trait of these contemporary novels is their steady focus on the precariousness of life. The ever-growing reach and randomness of the country's social violence sets the stage for the proliferation of the defeated and the victim. The novel explores the complicity of the social elite with the drug cartels through the story of Rosario, an impoverished young woman who is the lover of a drug lord and who also has a relationship with Emilio, an upper middle-class young man. The story is told by Antonio, Emilio's best friend, who is secretly in love with Rosario and who has found her agonizing, her body riddled with bullets.
While Antonio waits outside the hospital, he struggles to find the language to tell the story of her turbulent life—and his place in it. Like Gamboa's Victor Silampa, Antonio narrates from complete defeat. The ensuing textual fragmentation corresponds to the ruins left after the catastrophe—as if the margin's sense of temporality and destiny became the tempo of the whole. Even though many of these novels feature strong women, contemporary writing—at least what is being published—exudes a masculinist character.
It is not only that many of the preferred genres privilege a masculine ethos, but also that there are not many women among those who are being published for the first time.
Un vestido rojo para bailar boleros
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Add a tag Cancel Be the first to add a tag for this edition. Lists What are lists? See Gram. ConiUiffO ea, elc, ajiolher French consiruclion like that in p. En nombre, etc. The process is veiy long, the text to be used filling fifteen pages in one of the old manuals. See Jansenius : Liier Eiclesia. The brother Charles expected lo succeed Ferdinand, but the liberal portion of the country proclaimed the infant Isabella, under the regency of her mother, Maria Cristina. Hence the seven years' civil war which " Charles the Fiith " sustained chiefly through the Basques, the traditional absolutists and foes of innovation.
Hence, also, the partisans of Carlos were called Catliits, and facciosos, or rebels, who harassed the country in guerrilla Gram, j All this passage is a fling al the exclusiire- nessofSpaniards, over the broad shoulders of tbe Alavese curaj. Page 4. See note to p. So, many verbs in Sjianish lake an infin. The construction in le dijo al Frances is called pleonastic or rt- dundant. In Spanish it adds strength, roundness, to the phrase.
See Cram. Sec Gram. For subj.. Gram, J J , c. The adjectives complacido and eatlBtecIto are here used as adverbs ; with a self-complatent and saiisfUd air. Here is no other qnein hereaboitls than. Pa 1E 6. Pace 7. Page 8. Vualva V. Oran peraona, elc, the first man viko calUii hitiatsi a tnorlal sat nwrf have been a perssnagr. Fur subj. UD tanto cuanto d,, lalhtr amusing. Page 9, See Gram, j Gram, f Un extranjero de estos, etc. For sobj. See Baiall, p. Page ii. Has jml gent sat. Fot Eubj,, Gram. Botines is Ihe present term in Spain, as well as botoa, i.
A quien le, Te. I : what do yon Ihmk of th Page Gram, i 7CQ, i. ISO, entre ml, la myseJf in my sleeve. Betiro, for el Buen Ketiro, a large park or grounds on one side of Madrid, formerly containing a. It is now open to the public, is furnished wtlh a drive, and in the summer evenings concerts and theatrical entertainments make it a fashionable resort unequalled in Europe. Como aoyeld. This is the classic pitillo, the cigarette. PaGF If it were the other way, we should have had al conejo. Be ha quedado en el aire, is suspended in mid air. See note 10 p. Pace The dimin- utive -ilo is here provocative and piqaant, not possible to render.
Bl as que, etc. Page PaOB PaGK iB. Formerly the first was called Jefe politico, but now Gobernador civil. Preciso, si, unavoidably, since. In that way the press is forced to respect the nation and public Bs me ha dado palabra. Gentltmm, thai toUl not prevent us from throwing down the gauntlet Page No tenifo iDCon.. I hatie no abjection, Deje V. The blasphemous Janguage odlie text here should be evaded ns above. Jrom which the highest bidder takes the o take. Por los anos, about the year.
He intimates that in the olden time he was up to the mark of good society when engaged in the " whisi " of that day, and in the fandango, now so vulgar and out of place. The celebralion was tum-Jold, the aulhor snys. Here the noble and distinguished youlh of Madrid were educated. Since the buildings are occupied by Ihe Hospital Militar. Talayera de la Reina of the Queen was so named after the mother of Alfonso XI , and is an old ruinous town situated on a lovely plain nol far from Toledo.
Ferdinand, king of Cas- tille and Leon , conquered from the Moors Cordova, Seville, and Gram, j , a. Locke, the English metaphysiciaii, ; Bertoldo. An ellipse for IjO que V, guste dar. Page 3a, — These paper strips bound on the corner of a balcony indicate an apartment to lei ; when attached to llie emlre or front of the balcony, they announce a boarding-house with aeconunodations to spare, PaGF,3S. In Southern Spanish houses which usually consist of two floors, the ground floor for summer use. The taguan is terminated by an iron open-work door at the court end.
Did the assassin eiperience a feeling of faiatness thai compelled hits to seek the supportof the Toali. Acaso is merely the oral sign of an interrogation. When any of the Moors or Jews became Christians, they and their descendants were rated as cristianos nuevos, new Christians or proselytes ; and bmilies intermingling wtlh Ihetn were always considered as more or less tainted. The Spaniards of pure pedi- gree were called also el Tizon de Bspafia, the Brand of Spain, from a pamphlet written by Cardinal Francisco de Mendoia y Bobadilla, bishop of Burgos, addressed to Philip 11, to prove that a great part of the Spanish nobility were tainted with infidel or Jewish blood.
Jj , n,- Juiciosa 19 here used in its popular sense of quiet, "proper," "good"; — French, sage; German, arlig. Iba ya picando en historia, -mas aim getting to be a fixed faet. Y si pudo callar, etc.. T VamoB, etc. No quiero decir I Baas teaomOBi That is the case, is iif LiOCa, etc. Facie I'AGE Ija del iixini. The title of "Catholic Sovereigns"' was conferred on Ferdinand and Isabella in See Gerdes.. At this point it will be well lo give a list of the sovereigns of Castile from the Iwginning of the struggle against the Arab invasion in the eighth cenlury lo It day, to illustrate once for all the historic allusions in the pages that D,g,t,.?
Pelayo 7i Favila M! Femando I Casl. Alfonso IX of Leon. Enrique I of Cast. Fernando III of Cast. Femando III. Don Juan II. Henry IV was Isabella's lialf-brothet.
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The truth b, that the house of Trastamara, which began in a murder and ended in a mad-woman, was the curse and ruin of Spain, made the reigns of Charles and of Philip possible, and the present degradation of the country inevitable. And of all the members of that house, no reign was so fatal to Spain as that of the so-called Catholic Sovereigns, the projectors and funienters of priestcraft, Ihe Santa Hermandad, he Inquisition, Ihe expulsan of Jews and Moors, and Ihe manipulators of a crushing despotism of creed that condemned the nation to aspiritual death, while its only medium of respiration was f, naticbiu and ils twin sister hypocrisy.
JOTlo; Paolo Giovio , a great Italian writer of the sixteenth century, wrote much on Spain, where his woiks were freely translated. His Grammars and Dictionaries were among he first of the Peninsula and of Europe. See InlroducttBH. Hakim, el Sabio, or the I-e. Venice, 14S3 and , 4". Montolvo ; Alonso Diaz de Monlalvo, bom , died , an eminent juris! To his works are to be added the Royal Ordinances by Juan Ramirei.
AlcalA, , fo!. Philip II caused the whole to be revised and reissued in , under he title of Nueva Becopllacion, or 2Vsw Digest, and Charles IV republished them down to his ime Z", vol. His writings were collected by his nephew, the tanious Ambrosio de Morales, historian and antiquarian, who published them at Cor- dova in A second edition appeared at Madrid in , a vols. Oliva'a life is found in Reiibal y Ugarte. I will translate his words : " 1 might also add here what Master Oliva wrote in Latin concerning Ihe magnet, in which he discovered ofa truth great secrets.
He was very sure that with the magnet be had found a way by which two absent persons might talk lo one another. I heard him Frequently speak of this ; for, although but a lad, I was fond of listening to his conversation. As for this matter of two absent persons being able to talk together, he explained the method by which it was to be brought about, and it was sublite enough, lo be sure ; but he was always insist- ing that he had it on his mind, although he could never bring it o a satisiactoiy state of perieciion for the lack of a powerful magnet, which seemed not likely lo be found.
Ltlriu de Pulgar. The dales of his birth and death are not known, but he hardly survived the war of Granada more than two or three years, which would bring his death at about Otra dama, Francisca, the daughter of Antonio de Lebrija. Pagu The aait was not the execution, but Ihe preliminary examination. After that, the condemned wero handed over to the Statt, taken without the walls or limits D,g,t,.? The English have wrongly adopted ihc Portu- guese term "auto da fe," through Llorente's French ed.
The latter always calls a burning See all the old Chronicles prior to Pace no, — 5. The In- quisition was established in 14S0, and continued without interruption till Dec. The 5enil, one o the two rivers of Granada, now the witness to the conquered Arabs, is very eloquently contrasted with the site of lie Ciristiaa calatnity nearly Boo years before. Genii is from Siagith, the Roman name of the river. Page iiz. Pagh Owing, lioivever, lo tho intolerable hcatandscaicityofwater. The children of Ferdinand and Isabella were as follows : — I. Juan, prince of Castile, born in , married MarEaiel of Austria, daughter of the emperor Maximilian, in , but died Ihe same year, al the age of nineteen.
Margaret again married, in , Philiberl of Savoy, who died in She was subsequently governess of the Netherlands for the remainder of her life , dying without succession. They became king and queen of Castile on the death ot Jane's mother in ; but her hus- band having lied two years after, in Ijom in , wife of Dom Joao, king of Portugal. DoBa Maria, bom in , married in to D. Manuel, king of Por- tugal, her late sister's husband, died in child-birth in Her daughter Isabella became the only wife of Charles the Fifth in Their first issue was Philip II, bom in Oatlieriiie ot AJ-aerou.
She died in IS35,Spaniards say of poison. Charles the Fifth succeeded to he throne of Spain by reason of his mother's and thus a foreign house, that of Austria, crowned the fatnily disasters of Ibe last of the Trasiainaras. Hero the court usually spends the summer mon hs, and it was here, in August. Ihe writer of this article, it will be seen, was a Conservative Moderado , though considered a Uberal in Ferdinand's time. Z30 Modem Spanish Readings. Page ii8. To understand the text here, it must be Iwpl in mind Ihal the Summer Palace is located at the beginning of extensive grounds, with "eaujc" or fountains pla]nng about ii.
The premises aie surrounded by a high wiU], except in front toward Ibe village of 5a. Il is this iron gate thai is called Puerta dt Hum in the text. England was included in Ihe acclaim, because the Pro- grcstsias favored Elnglish ideas for Spain, while the Conservatives inclined to France.
He was killed in the insurrection that followed. His reign began in Marcli. On his return, he abrogated the Constitution of Cadii, and imprisoned or banished the members of Ihe Curtes and leading litterals, ignoring the progressive ideas thai had sprung up during the war against Napoleon. Hence his reign may be divided into periods as follows : — I. Absolute despotism, i8t4-iSao.
Revo- luiiou of This is an admonition to Isabella II. Fernando was divorced from his party by his tendency lo a milder regime. Don Carlos was ordered to return from Portugal to Madrid, but he refused. SU sBpOSa ; i. The children were IsaticliaH, bom in , and Maria Luisa, who is the 'vile of the duke of Monlpensiot. They rushed upon the French army, and a scene of carnage followed. Two Spanish aitiilcry officers. Daoli and Velarde, fumed their cannons on Iha common foe. The second of May has since been observed as the national holiday, for by it the nation was roused to gather and resist Napoleon.
The Pantheon is a ciypt or vault in the Escorial, wbcto the kings and queens of Spain are buried, from the body of Charles the Fifth to the present. Ferdinand and Isabella still lie in the Cathedral at Granada. Vergil, Aemid. See Juvenal, 6, lo. Page 15S. Matid4tvmnu, etc. See Chnmita Gtiural, Zamora, , L ccc. Abandonar, v. Abaratar, v. AbaUdo, a, adj. Abierto, a, adj.
Abismado, a, p. Abolir, I. AbominSdo, a, p. Abominar, I', u. Abrazar, v. Absorber, v. Absurdo, a, adj. Spaniard, [l.. Academia, n. Acalorado, a, ailj-, warmed, healed. Aceptar, v. Acomodar, c. Acordar, v. AcoBtarae, nji. Acadir, v. Acnerdo — acordar. COD, in harmony witli. Adqaindo, a, pp. Id be detected, lo be remarked, to be stated, [ L. Advirtiera — advertir. Afecto, n, m. Agitar, v. Agotar, V. Agriarse, to become bitter ; irae agriando, to become embittered. Agrio, a, adj. Z4f3 AgtiftrdSr, v. Ahuyentar, v. See vida-a. Alarido, H.
Cid, auoria, 1. Alentado, a, fi. Allbnao or Alonso, Alphonso. Aligerado, a, pp. Alojado, II. Alojar, V. See Alfonso. Altematiramente, adv. Alto, a, ,uij. Alfimno, n. Allende, adv. Amanecer, v. Amenazar, v. South and Central A. Amigo, a, H. Gram, p. Ampliar, v. Anarquista, h. Anatema, n, m.
Broad Street. Old Sp. Anomalia, n. Ansiar, v. Anteojo, ti. Antro, n. J D,g,t,.? AnoncUr, ti.
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Apartar, v. Apearse, lo alight, lo gel oat, to gel down, to dismount; to be dis- charged. Apetito, n. ApreoiSr, v. Aqui, adv. Tarraco- Arancel, u. Arder, v. Axgel, Algiers. AristocrAtico, a, adj. Armar, v. Arrancar, v. Arrasado, a, p. Arrebatar, v. Arreglar, v. Arrojar, v. Asociar, I', a. Asombrar, v. Capital, Oviedo. Astuto, a, adj. The old Sp. Atajar, v.
Bobre, to call a. Atento, a, adj. AtQlo, n. At- lantic. Atraer, v. Atrincherar, v. CTlftndo, even if, although. Auteutictdid, n. Avanzar, v. Avasallador, a, adj. Ay, inter j. Gram, g , a. Azufrado, n. Balanza, n. Bandera, n. SariinoHe-ra, from Carthag. Barco, n. Barrio, n. Batalla, n. Bayona, p. BSriuger or Beringer. A suburb of Madrid named fcom a convent close by. Berta, Bertha. UH- Sna, n. Bordar, v. Braio, fl. IB,, spirit, vigor, elasticity. Broma, it. Bpiiuin, in with the feasts of Bacchus,] Brotar, ti. BrtiMr, v. Bueno, o, adj. Biqia, Bugia, town in North Africa near Algiers.
Burgos, principal town in the north- ern part of Old Caslile, near the frontier of Aiava. Borlarse, to jest, lo be jesting ; b. Bi rl5n, a, aJJ,, mocking, sneering; roguish.
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Hif, hunt in a thicket. Cabal, adj. See ahogar. No le cabe en la cabeza qae, dudo, tbeie is no doubt. Con la c. CachaiB, n. Caer, V. Caimix, V. Callar, v. In , exchange; c. Campanudo, a, adj. Canal, n. Cansar, v. Bi, French cloak with a hood, great coal. H,, cardinal. L, cardinalis, from cardo, hinge, chief auxiliary. Cargar, n. Caricatura, n. J CatmoBO, M. Carolus, from Tent, kail, strong. J hueso, flesh and blood. Caaa-Diego, house of James, mod- em example of title of nobility. Castigar, li. Catorce, num. CajSndo — tatr. OeeSo, n. Cedir, v. M, hundred. Centro, R. See Area.
Ceiradnra, n. Ceumte, adj.