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- 21 rare and weird facts about World War II - Business Insider
40 amazing World War facts
In fact, it was the huge boom of big guns, called artillery, being fired on the Western Front. The largest battle of the World War 1 — the Battle of the Somme — is known as one of the bloodiest battles in history. It was fought by the French and British against the Germans on both sides of the River Somme in France , and lasted for more than five months. Over a million men were killed or wounded, and it was the first time that a tank was used in combat. Both on the battlefield and back at home, some incredible creatures helped to transport soldiers and goods — and save lives.
Almost a million horses were involved in the war. Gas from horse droppings could even be used to power lamps! Dogs were fast, difficult to shoot at, and they also caught rats!
World War I
And if the rinsing water killed a goldfish that was placed in it, that meant the masks still had poison on them! People were terrified of them! To avoid Zeppelin attacks, no lights could be used after sunset and loud noises were banned, too. Large scale bombing raids on British cities were carried out during the day by German biplanes called Gothas.
There were threats from the sea, too. Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby were the first seaside towns to be shelled by the German navy. Battlecruisers , ships with huge guns, launched a surprise attack on 16 December — people were killed and injured that night alone. At the start of the war there were just , men in the British army. Beginning at the Battle of Amiens the German forces were gradually expelled from France and then back past the Hindenburg line.
Widespread German surrender led to armistice in November. Later in the war, soldiers were issued with steel helmets to protect against artillery fire. Artillery proved the number one threat to infantry and tanks alike. Also, the post-war psychological impact of artillery fire was massive.
Throughout the war the Germans used 68, tons of gas, the British and French 51, Their roles were largely in reconnaissance to begin with, progressing to fighters and bombers as the war progressed. When a pilot restarted his engine midair, it sounded like dogs barking.
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The wrecklessness of German submarine warfare was an influence on the United States decision to join the Allies in Britain also lost more than twice as many sailors than Germany. A main reason why the Passchendale campaign was launched was to capture the German U-boats based at Flanders.
The attack failed however, with Britain suffering massive casualties. Germany was heavily reliant on imports. As this poster suggests, the incident created outrage in Britain and was used for later propaganda. With many men going to the front, there was a labour shortage — many women filled vacant positions. It is likely that hundreds of thousands of civilians died from malnutrition — usually from typhus or a disease their weakened body could not resist.
Starvation itself rarely caused death. Because that vegetable, usually fed to livestock, was used by people as a substitute for potatoes and meat, which were increasingly scarce. In the Meuse Argonne Offensive he led an attack on a machine gun nest which killed 28 enemy and captured Millions of civilians also contributed to the war effort by working in industry, agriculture or jobs left open when men enlisted.
Victory depended on popular support. Some nations were forced to surrender as their people, pushed to their physical and emotional limits, lost the will to continue fighting. The First World War was also a war against people. Invading armies committed atrocities against civilians in the areas they occupied.
National resources were mobilised as each combatant nation raced to supply its armed forces with enough men and equipment. In Britain, early failures in munitions manufacturing led to full government intervention in war production.
21 rare and weird facts about World War II - Business Insider
These controls helped its industry produce nearly 4 million rifles, , machine guns, 52, aeroplanes, 2, tanks, 25, artillery pieces and over million rounds of artillery shells by Advances in weaponry and military technology provoked tactical changes as each side tried to gain an advantage over the other. The introduction of aircraft into war left soldiers and civilians vulnerable to attacks from above for the first time.
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Major innovations were also made in manufacturing, chemistry and communications. Medical advances made the First World War the first major conflict in which British deaths in battle outnumbered deaths caused by disease.