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  1. Glimpses of Shia Islam
  2. Shia Islam - MENA etc
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Religious scholars have tended to devalue women's religious expressions, confining them to the periphery of a male-centered ritual world. This viewpoint often assumes that women's ritual behaviors are the unsophisticated product of limited education and experience and even a less developed female nature. By illuminating vibrant female narratives within Shia religious teachings, the fascinating history of a shrine led by women, the contemporary lives of dynamic female preachers, and women's popular prayers and rituals of petition, Partners of Zaynab demonstrates that the religious lives of women are not a flawed approximation of male-defined norms and behaviors, but a vigorous, authentic affirmation of faith within the religious mainstream.

D'Souza questions the distinction between normative and popular religious behavior, arguing that such a categorization not only isolates and devalues female ritual expressions, but also weakens our understanding of religion as a whole. Partners of Zaynab offers a compelling glimpse of Muslim faith and practice and a more complete understanding of the interplay of gender within Shia Islam.

She is widely published in the fields of gender, religion, interreligious dialogue, and peace building. D'Souza lived and worked in India for nearly twenty years, where she taught Islam and Christian-Muslim relations and conducted research on Muslim women's religious practices. She earned her doctorate in religious studies from Vrije University in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Unfortunately those lives and religious identities are often overlooked, or worse, ignored.

This lovely book serves as a marvellous corrective, helping us to understand better the lives of Shi'i women in India. Particularly appealing is how the author gives ample space for Hyderabadi women to describe their spirituality and religious self-understanding in their own words. This is original and compelling research, of interest not only to scholars in Islamic ritual and women's studies but also to general readers who want some sense of what it means to be a member of a devout Shia community.

A sympathetic and highly readable account.

Glimpses of Shia Islam

He was victorious, and established the Fulani Empire with its capital at Sokoto. A fringe and heretical group, led by the cleric Mohammed Marwa Maitatsine , started in Kano in the late s and operated throughout the s. Maitatsine since deceased was from Cameroon , and claimed to have had divine revelations superseding those of the Prophet Muhammad. With their own mosques and a doctrine antagonistic to established Islamic and societal leadership, its main appeal was to marginal and poverty-stricken urban in-migrants, whose rejection by the more established urban groups fostered this religious opposition.

These disaffected adherents ultimately lashed out at the more traditional mosques and congregations, resulting in violent outbreaks in several cities of the north. Non-sectarian Muslims who reject the authority of hadith , known as Quranists , Quraniyoon, or 'Yan Kala Kato , are also present in Nigeria.

Shia Islam - MENA etc

Marwa was killed in Marwa's successor, Musa Makaniki, was arrested in [14] and sentenced in , [15] but later released. As an institution in Northern Nigeria Islam plays an important role in the society. The five pillars of Islam including the annual pilgrimage and daily prayers are seen as important duties of Muslims.

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Support for the inclusion of a sharia legal system that governs family law and a religious view about modes of personal conduct have support within the society. According to a by Pew Research Center , Muslims in Nigeria overwhelmingly were positive towards Islamic religion playing a large role in politics. A majority of Muslims in Nigeria favoured stoning adulterers , whipping and cuttings hands for crimes like theft or robbery and the death penalty for those who abandoned Islam. Sheikh Adelabu has mentioned other aspects of culture influenced by Islam in Nigeria.

By far Ojo Jimoh is the most favourably used. In furthering supports for his claims, Sheikh Adelabu gave the following words to be Yoruba's derivatives of Arabic vocabularies: [24]. In , twelve states located in northern Nigeria had fully implemented Sharia law. In , homosexual men were targeted by Hisbah , the religious police.

In Iraq’s Sectarian Violence, a Show of Each Side’s Worst

According to a member of the Sharia Commission, homosexuals should be killed by stoning, hanging or pushing them from a high place. Arabic traders from Tiaret during the Rustamid dynasty were involved in commerce with Audoghast.

This trade routes went further south into the Kanuri and Hausa states of Northern Nigeria. Sharia was also introduced into Northern Nigeria has Islam spread across the region. In addition to law and trade, Islam had some influence in spreading the choice of dressing, language and choice of names. Agbada dressing in West Africa is commonly associated with Muslims and Mallams, Iborun neck covers is worn by many Muslims in Southern Nigeria during prayers and crochet hats were once mostly worn by Muslims to had performed the pilgrimage.

Some Hausa and Yoruba expressions and words are also influenced by Arabic, the language of the Koran. Assalam Alaykun is a familiar expression for greeting by Muslims and Allahu Akbar is used as a call to prayer. Before the s, the most common educational path of Muslim children in Northern Nigeria was Koranic education taught by Mallams.

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The teacher or Mallam as they are sometimes called in Nigeria was likely a graduate of a similar school and likely belongs to a sufi order. These teachers were well versed in Arabic and were influenced by the knowledge and traditions passed down from medieval Timbuktu and from other West African Islamic texts. Meanwhile, students also assist teachers in raising funds through door-to-door solicitations. In the period preceding Nigeria's independence, political leaders desired Western-trained graduates to fill positions in government. Subsequently, the introduction of a formal School of Arabic Studies in Kano to train Qadis and rise in Western education reduced the number of children attending the Koranic schools.

In addition, Islamic studies was introduced into the primary and secondary school curriculum. The students are provided shelter by their teacher. The pre-adolescents sometimes subsist through alms begging or house-help jobs, while those above fifteen learn a trade or do petty trading along with their Islamic studies. The studies can be rigorous, with students studying the Koran for fourteen hours per day until they reach a set level of maturity.

They are sometimes looked down upon by Western-educated Muslims who are uncomfortable with the alms begging lifestyle of many Almajiri. In Nigeria, Pew Research polled the views of Muslims on extremist groups. Boko Haram aims to create an Islamic state in northern Nigeria. Its first attack was directed towards the Bauchi prison in September Sa'adu Abubakar , the 20th Sultan of Sokoto , is considered the spiritual leader of Nigeria's Muslims. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.

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May Learn how and when to remove this template message. The examples and perspective in this article may not include all significant viewpoints. Please improve the article or discuss the issue. Main article: Fulani War. Main article: Mohammed Marwa Maitatsine. Main article: Quranism.

Main article: Sharia in Nigeria. Main article: Boko Haram. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.