- Citations per year
- Stalking the Tax Man: The Pervasive Influence of the Property Tax Revolt – Tropics of Meta
- The Notion of Tax Reform in Historical Perspective
Citations per year
For some this could mean a significant change in the tax base, either by replacing our current income tax with some kind of consumption tax or perhaps solidifying our income tax base by removing certain cherished tax benefits. For others, the touchstone for true tax reform is a dramatic modification of tax rates or exemption levels or both.
Indeed, when tax experts today discuss tax reform they often evoke the landmark Tax Reform Act of , just as Trump officials have.
That law received bipartisan support, as it both lowered top marginal income tax rates and removed certain tax benefits. In the process, it solidified the income tax base. Historians, by contrast, take a much broader perspective on the meaning of tax reform. Many scholars believe that fundamental tax reform has occurred only rarely in American history, in response to national emergencies or crises.
Stalking the Tax Man: The Pervasive Influence of the Property Tax Revolt – Tropics of Meta
Elliot Brownlee and others have shown, the modern American tax system has been transformed mainly when historical conditions have required such profound changes—not when lawmakers have simply wished for a new tax system. During the Progressive Era and World War I, for example, the federal tax system underwent a dramatic shift.
The social and political response to the massive economic inequalities of the Gilded Age culminated, after years of legal turmoil, with the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment to the U. Constitution in The amendment invalidated an earlier U. Supreme Court decision and permitted the direct taxation of income without apportionment.
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- The Notion of Tax Reform in Historical Perspective.
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In that same year, the federal government adopted a graduated income tax that applied mainly to the wealthy elite. Once the United States entered WWI, though, the financial demands of waging a global war turned the newly enacted income tax into a fiscal workhorse. Ultimately, income and newly created profits taxes accounted for roughly one-third of total wartime revenue. Expert Pitch.
The Notion of Tax Reform in Historical Perspective
He studies the causes and consequences of living standards, poverty, inequality, mobility, employment, economic growth, social policy, taxes, public opinion, and politics in the United States and other affluent countries. He is the author of Rich People's Movements: Grassroots Campaigns to Untax the One Percent Oxford University Press, and The Permanent Tax Revolt: How the Property Tax Transformed American Politics Stanford University Press, , along with several other books and articles on such topics as racial inequality in property taxation; voting behavior on tax referenda; public opinion on taxation in the United States; and the causes of tax resistance in economically developed democracies.
He is an expert on the politics of taxation, especially tax credits, exemptions, and deductions related to families and housing. Her areas of interest are comparative historical sociology, economic sociology, and political sociology.
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- Death Worth Living For Part One (Waypoint Series Book 2).
- Why is the Tax Revolt of ’78 Important? ~ Jennifer Wheeler.
Spanish-language bilingual-bicultural programs may seem less relevant to the politics of family, but many Latino parents and students attempted to assert their authority, against great resistance, in impassioned demands to incorporate their cultural and linguistic heritage into the classroom.
Both types of educational programs, in their successful implementation and in the reaction they inspired, highlight the rightward turn and enduring progressivism in postwar American political culture. In Classroom Wars, Natalia Mehlman Petrzela charts how a state and a citizenry deeply committed to public education as an engine of civic and moral education navigated the massive changes brought about by the s, including the sexual revolution, school desegregation, and a dramatic increase in Latino immigration. She traces the mounting tensions over educational progressivism, cultural and moral decay, and fiscal improvidence, using sources ranging from policy documents to student newspapers, from course evaluations to oral histories.
Petrzela reveals how a growing number of Americans fused values about family, personal, and civic morality, which galvanized a powerful politics that engaged many Californians and, ultimately, many Americans. In doing so, they blurred the distinction between public and private and inspired some of the fiercest classroom wars in American history. Taking readers from the cultures of Orange County mega-churches to Berkeley coffeehouses, Natalia Mehlman Petrzela's history of these classroom controversies sheds light on the bitterness of the battles over diversity we continue to wage today and their influence on schools and society nationwide.
The Polarization of Bilingual Education.