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- Documents Similar To Glossário de Tradução Inglês Português
- Signé expéditeur Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books
Souza, Teotonio R. Orientalismo, ocidentose e outras viroses: A sabedoria oriental e outros valores. Caderno 5. Joshi ed. Bombay: Popular Prakashan. Souza, Teotonio R.. Lisboa: Editorial Estampa. Goa to Me. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. Discoveries, Missionary Expansion and Asian Cultures ed. The book contains the proceedings of a seminar organized by the Xavier Centre of Historical Research to mark years of the arrival of St. Francis Xavier in Goa. Goa Through the Ages - II ed. Essays in Goan History ed. The book brings together the papers presented at the Indian History Congress held at the Goa University.
Porvorim: Xavier Centre of Historical Research. Contains the proceedings of the third international seminar on Indo-Portuguese History held in Goa in January Jesuits in India: in Historical Perspective ed. Macau : Instituto Cultural de Macau. The book contains the proceedings of a seminar organized by the Xavier Centre of Historical Research at Baga Goa to mark years of the foundation of the Society of Jesus, years of the birth of St. Ignatius of Loyola and the centenary of the re-entry of the restored Society of Jesus in Goa.
Medieval Goa: A socio-economic history.
Ensino Superior e Lusofonia. In Ensino Superior e Lusofonia, ed. ISBN: Goa at the intersection of world trade routes in the pre-Modern age: Stramgers at home and at home with strangers. Radhika Seshan, - India: Routledge. The Portuguese Sources for the Indian History. In Convergence: Rethinking India's Past, ed. Radhika Seshan, 63 - New Delhi: Primus Books. Ciprian Burlacioiu und Adrian Hermann, - Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. In Missionsgechichte als Gechichte der Globaliesierung von Wissen, ed.
Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. In The Portuguese in the Orient, ed. Gaston Perera, - Seeking a Home in Portugal. Victor Rangel-Ribeiro, - Goa: Goa Publications Pvt. The Portuguese in Goa. In Goa: Aparanta - Land beyond the End, ed. Vitor Rangel-Ribeiro, 23 - Manumission of slaves in Goa during to as found in Codex Bangalore: Jana Jagrati Prakashana.
Fernando Santos Neves et al. For Goa and Opium. In Reflected in Water: Writings on Goa, ed. Jerry Pinto, - New Delhi: Penguin Books India. Porto: Texto Editora. Miguel Castelo Branco, 33 - Lisboa: Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa. The French-Mhamai Connection. In Mhamais of Goa: In the network of trade and culture, 78 - Panaji, Goa: K. In Interculturalidades, ed.
Kultur- und Sozialgeschichte der Missionstaetigkeit. In Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, ed. Mohr, - Tuebingen: Paul Siebeck. Doutor Baquero Moreno], - Porto: Universidade do Porto. Kulkarni Felicitation Volume], ed. Nayeem, Anirudha Ray and K. Mathew, - New Delhi: Pragati Publishers. Francisco Xavier.
Lisboa: CHAM. Brasil inspirou os goeses ou assustou os portugueses? Boxer], ed. Junia Ferreira Furtado, - Somerset - Theatre : romance. London : William Heinemann, Lda, Lisboa : Panorama, Lisboa : Inatel, Coimbra : Coimbra Editora, Lda. Lisboa : Ulisseia, [D. Paris : Flammarion, Paris : Plon, XV, ,  p. Brasil : Ca. Editora Nacional. Rio de Janeiro : O Cruzeiro, ?. DANE, Clemence, pseud. Brasil : Globo,, Progredior,, Porto : Edit. Rio de Janeiro : O Cruzeiro, Teixeira,, Tavares Martins,, Lisboa : Aster : [D.
Porto : Livraria Tavares Martins,, Lisboa : Editorial Aster, 19??. VIII, p. Barcelona ; ; Buenos Aires : Labor,, Porto : Adolfo Machado,, Lisboa : Editora Ulisseia, Lisboa : Gleba, Lisboa ; Rio de Janeiro : Moraes Editores,, cop. Lua-ano um : astronomia. Somerset - Encontros de acaso : romance. Lisboa : Editora Ulisseia,, Somerset - Ah King : romance. Lisboa : Ulisseia,, Paris : E Plon, Nourrit et C. Heresias do nosso tempo : filosofia. Lisboa : J. Rodrigues, Ferin,, Coimbra : A. Gomes,, . Lisboa : Cosmos,, Nacional, Porto : A. Veiga,, imp. Lisboa : Livros do Brasil,, Lisboa : Cosmos,, .
Lisboa : Cosmos,, [D. Paris : Libraire des sciences politiques et sociales, Novos contistas russos : contos. Oito contos franceses : contos. Porto : Altura,, Lisboa : Gleba,, Paulo : Livr. Martins,, cop. Lisboa : CML, XV, , ,  p.
XII, ,  p. XXI, ,  p. Vieira da - Dispersos : historiografia. Lisboa : Biblioteca de Estudos Olisiponenses, Lisboa : Imp. Nacional-Casa da Moeda,, Lisboa : Banco de Portugal. Lisboa : Banco de Portugal,, Lisboa : Assembleia Municipal,, Lisboa : Academia da Marinha,, Cartas particulares a Marcello Caetano : epistolografia. Lisboa : Dom Quixote, Lucas,, Porto : Salesianas,, [D.
Signé expéditeur Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books - AbeBooks
Leal,, Lisboa : Beecham Portuguesa, Lda, Lisboa : Argumentun,, London : Paul Hamlyn, London : Paul Hamlyn,, Porto : Fund. Coimbra : Univ. Quintela, Seia : Hidrocenel,, D. Francisco Alves e Bertrand,, Rio de Janeiro : Livr. Francisco Alves ; Paris ; Lisboa : Livr. Aillaud : Bertrand,, Porto : Porto Editora,, Porto : Domingos Barreira, ed. XI, p. XVI, , XX p. Rio de Janeiro : Larousse do Brasil,, imp.
Freixieiro : Minhaterra,, D. Lisboa : Livros do Brasil,, cop. Amadora : Bertrand,, Warszawa : Instytut Wydawniczy Pax,, Amadora : Bertrand,, imp. Rio de Janeiro : Livro IberoAmericano, Lausanne : Claire Fontaine,, cop. Lisboa : Rei dos Livros,, Entroncamento : J. Lisboa : Stape,, Lisboa : Impr.
Nacional,, Lisboa : Campanha Nacional de Adultos,, Lisboa : Imprensa Portugal- Brasil, Lisboa : Imprensa Portugal-Brasil, Coimbra : Eu sei tudo, Marques - Contabilidade Comercial : direito comercial. Coimbra : [s. Lisboa : CML e Com. Lisboa : CML e Comis. Lisboa : Gleba,, [D. XIV, ,  p. Lisboa : Sec. Porto : Chardron,, VIII, ,  p. Paris : P. Paris : Plon,, cop. Campos,, London : Futura Publications, Lisboa : Portugal-Brasil,, Portugal,, Braga : Editora Pax, Cascais : [s. Lisboa : Prelo,, [D. Lisboa : Verbo,, Lisboa : Bertrand ; Amadora : Ibis,, [D.
Porto : Figueirinhas,, [D. Lisboa : Casa do Livro,, imp. France : Libraire Hachette, Lisboa : M. Porto : Lab. Normal,, [D. Porto : [s. Lisboa : Camp. Lisboa : s. Calvet de - Aprenda a desenhar : desenho.
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Lisboa : Companha Nac. Ao canto da lareira : geometria. Rio de Janeiro : s. Somerset - Of human bondage : a novel. London : William Heinemann, MIRA, M. Ferreira de - Os desportos em Val-de-Giestas. Lisboa : Dom Quixote,, imp. Paris : Gallimard,, cop. Reino Unido : Penguin Books, London : Sphere books, London : Pan Books, Lda, London : Bantam Press, Lisboa : Verbo,, .
Lisboa : Editorial Verbo,, AMOS, S. Lisboa : Amigos do Livro,, [D. Buraca : C. Lisboa : Circulo de Leitores,, Lisboa : Bertrand,, imp. Lisboa : Bertrand,, cop. Porto : Porto Editora,, [D. DERIB, pseud. Oslo : Scandinavian Film Group, Lisboa : Paulistas,, cop. Lisboa : Paulistas,, [D.
Porto : Porto Editora,, imp. Lisboa : Verbo,, cop. Lisboa : Verbo,, imp. Lisboa : Verbo : op. Lisboa : Editorial Verbo,, imp. Carros, camionetes, barcos, bicicletas : infantil. Lisboa : TV Guia Editora, Lisboa : TV Guia Editora,, Lisboa : Verbo,, D. Lisboa : Editorial Verbo, [D. Contos de sempre : infantil. Lisboa : Ulisseia Infantil,, D. Paulistas,, D. Queluz : Impala, Lisboa : Fernando Pereira,, [D. Amadora : Bertrand [distrib. Lisboa : L. Cesana,, cop. Lisboa : Hugin Editores,, Paris : [s.
Lisboa : Typ. Paris : Albin Michel,, Lisboa : Verbo,, [D. London : Herbert Jenkins Limited, ?. Paris : Aillaud ; Lisboa : Bertrand, Paris : Stock,, LAW, Donald - Herb growing for health : ervas medicinais.
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London : John Gifford Ltd, DELLY, pseud. Paris : Jules Tallandier,, London : Longmans,, imp. London : Heinemann,. XXVI, p. Jeheber SA, Harmondsworth : Penguin Books,, Paris : Gallimard,, New York : Triangle books, London : Penguin Books, Paris : Libraire Hachette,, Paris : Ernest Flammarion,, [? London : Oxford University Press,, Paris : Libraire Hachette, USA : Signet book, New York : Bantam Books, Inc.
New York : Dell Publishing Co. Wien : Hiro Verlag, London : Glidrose Productions, Ltd. Verona : Arnoldo Mondadori,, Germany : Rowohlt, Bern : Scherz Verlag,, Paris : Mercure de France,, Bern : Sherz Verlag, Baden : Erich Pabel Verlag, London : Pan books Lda, France : Hachette, New York : Bantam Book, inc. Carter : romance. Paris : Pavois,, imp. Bern : Scherz Verlag, Germany : Erich Pabel Verlag, Paris : Albin Michel, imp. Germany : Bastei-Verlag, Stuttgart : Verlag Eugen Ulmer Suttgart, Hamburg : Rowohlt, Erika Werner : romance.
Germany : Bastei - Verlag, Schreck : romance. Augsburg : Bastei-Verlag, Hamburg : Neuer Tessloff Verlag, London : WDL Book, New York : Pocket Books, Fabricius : romance. Frankfurt : Bastei-Verlag, Hamburg : Winter Verlag KG. Hamburg : Winther Verlag, Stuttgart : Diana Verlag, Somerset - Dort oben in der Villa : romance. Hamburg : Deutscher Literatur - Verlag, Hamburg : Deutcher Literatur - Verlag. CARR, J. Dickson - Der magische Stein : romance criminal. Stuttgart : Scherz, Seldens Geheimnis : romance policial. Stuttgart : Sherz, B - Auf Geld gebaut : romance policial.
Stuttgart : Alfred Sherz Verlag, ZEH, F. Buck : romance. Zwillinge : astrologia. New York : Avon, London : Sphere Books Limited, London : Collins Fontana Books, London : Pan Books Ltd, New York : Bantam Books,, New York : Fawcett Crest Book, New York : Dell Book, MAY, Rollo - Man s search for himself : conselhos para a vida. New York : W. Norton,, New York : Lancer Books, New York : Berkley Medallion Books, London : Duckworth, London : Corgi Books, New York : Dell Publishing Co, New York : Popular Library, Cronin : romance.
New York : Bantam Books, New York : Lancer Books Inc. London : Panther Book, New York : Lancer Book, New York : Grove Press, Inc, London : Camden Publishing Co. London : Arrow Books, HYDE, H. Montgomery - Roger Casement : romance. London : Mayflowers Books, Ltd, New York : New American Library, New York : Fawcwett Crest Book, London : Tandem Books Limited, New York : Ace Books, Inc. New York : Avon Books, New York : Fawcett Publications, Inc.
New York : Paperback Library, London : Pan Books, New York : Flagship Book, New York : Pocket Book, New York : Signet Books, New York : Signet Book, New York : Dell, Lancer Books : New York, New York : Dell Publishing, New York : Dell , London : Fontana Books, New York : Pocket Cardinal, LEE, C.
London : Panther Books, New York : Avon Book, London : John Murray, New York : Berkley Medallion Edition, New York : Dolphin Book, New York : Signet Classic, McGinty s dead : romance policial. New York : Ace Books, London : Coronet Books, New York : Pocket Books, Inc. New York : Bantam Book, New York : Giant Cardinal Edition, London : Arrow Edition, London : Pocket Books, New York : Warner Paperback Library, London : Penguin Books,, Bern : Phoenix Publishing Co. Bern : Phoenix Publishing, New York : Crest Book, Somerset - The narrow corner : romance.
New York : Pocket Books,, New York : Bantam Books, [ cop. New York : Fawcett Crest, New York : Ballantine Books, London : Bestseller Library, London : The new english library, New York : Dell Publishing, Co, New York : Popular Library Edition, Fu Manchu : romance. New York : Piramid Books, London : Pan Books Ltd. New York, [ cop. VI, p. New York : Dell,, imp. London : Four Square Books, New Yorh : Bantam Books, New York : Grove Press, Inc. New York : Ballantine Book, New York : Sgnet Books, As she assures Leoncia and Selviana, she is confident that the others involved will accept her intervention and heed her wishes.
Implicitly, this interlude explores gender asymmetry and its relation to power. Whereas the two women from the same class as their potential mates do not have the power or authority to express their desires, Auristela recognized as belonging to a superior echelon -may speak authoritatively. Nonetheless, her intervention does not alter the subordinate position occupied by the women; rather, it accentuates their subalternity by replicating their objectification within masculinist discourse.
Revealingly, immediately following the weddings, corsairs kidnap all three women. Although Carino, Solercio and Periandro set forth to rescue them, only Auristela is ever heard from again. Throughout the text, the protagonists have been involved in numerous triangular relationships including the rivalry between Arnaldo and Periandro for Auristela as well as that between Sinforosa and Auristela over Periandro.
Again, one must note that the genesis of their voyage stems from a triangle in which Persiles' older brother, Magsimino, is betrothed to Sigismunda. She ardently pursues Periandro,  resorting to magic to eliminate her female rival. The spell she commissions completely destroys her victim's beauty. Auristela's consequent unattractive state dissuades her faint-hearted suitors, among them the Duke, but does not diminish Periandro's love, proof of his devotion Her representation in this episode functions, as does Leoncia's, to undermine Girard's representation of the narcissistic woman whose purpose is to incite desire through her physical beauty.
Her hideous appearance frees her from becoming the object of purely specular desire and precludes her from participating in the mimetic dynamic of rivalry. But Auristela ultimately chooses Periandro over God, redirecting her desire from the spiritual to the physical. Their union and the recovery of their original identities as Sigismunda and Persiles coincide with the death of Magsimino, the resolution of the last remaining rivalry. The complete elimination of the rival signals transcendence beyond the triangular mode. Although Girard developed his theory of mimetic desire in part through his reading of a Cervantine text, his system does not account for the untold variety of relationships between self and other found in Cervantes' opus.
Of these strategies, we have outlined three. One exposes the means by which the model of mimetic desire rearticulates androcentric paradigms by masking or repressing female subjectivity. Another explores dislocations of the triangular model of desire in a text, thereby transforming the configuration. Yet another considers other motivations for the apparent narcissistic role of the coquette such as filial or societal pressures brought to bear upon the individual. Thus, Cervantes's construction of gender and desire ultimately leads us to the re-construction of critical paradigms.
Andrist, Debra D. New York: Peter Lang, Cervantes, creador de la novela corta. Valencia: CSIC, Madrid: Gredos, Bataillon, Marcel. Madrid: Blanco Aguinaga, Carlos. Notas sobre dos tipos de realismo. Cascardi, Anthony. Cervantes Exemplary Novels and the Adventures of Writing. Michael Nerlich and Nicholas Spadaccini. Minneapolis: The Prisma Institute, Hacia Cervantes.
Madrid: Taurus, El pensamiento de Cervantes. Barcelona and Madrid: Noguer, Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de. Novelas ejemplares. Harry Sieber. Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda.
Documents Similar To Glossário de Tradução Inglês Português
Chamorro, William H. Cervantes 7. Combet, Louis. Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon, Dunn, Peter N. Suma cervantina. Juan Bautista Avalle-Arce and E. London: Tamesis, El Saffar, Ruth. Berkeley: U California P, Hernan Vidal. Minneapolis: Institute for the Study of Ideologies and literature, Baltimore: johns Hopkins UP, Kevin Brownlee and Marina Scordilis Brownlee. Denver Quarterly : Deceit, Desire and the Novel. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the world. Stanford: Stanford UP, Gossy, Mary S.
Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, Hutchison, Stephen. Journal of Hispanic Philology 14 : Henry, Patrick. Cervantes Spring, : Herrero, Javier. Wlad Godzich and Nicholas Spadaccini. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, Gene H. Willamstown, Mass: Williams College, Johnston, Robert M. Michael, D. Easton, PA: Juan de la Cuesta, Joly, Monique. Korner and D. Weisbaden: Steiner, Kofman, Sarah. Catherine Porter. Ithaca: Cornell UP, Kristeva, Julia. In The Kristeva Reader.
Toril Moi. New York: Columbia UP, Leon S. Lowe, Jennifer. Munich, Adrienne. New York: Methuen, Pierce, Frank. Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 30 : Price, R. Anales Cervantinos 27 : Novedad y ejemplo de las novelas de Cervantes. Sedgwick, Eve. Williamsen, Amy R. Neophilologus 72 : Wilson, Diana de Armas. Allegories of Love: Cervantes's Persiles and Sigismunda.
Princeton: Princeton UP, Zimic, Stanislav. Acta neophilologica 3 : In this text the gender confusion created by the act of narrative cross-dressing complements a thematic concern with new roles for men and women, a notion that is further inscribed in the novel through the semiotics of dress. In Memorias, the male narrator is not a symptom of the discomfort that feminist criticism has often attributed to the nineteenth-century woman writer. These novels are also precisely those in which she explicitly deals with the theme of the mujer nueva.
She sees Mauro Pareja, the narrator, as a man outside of patriarchy in the sense that he is devoid of paternal desire and avoids marriage in part because he does not wish to subjugate or domesticate a woman The androgynous aspects of both the hero and heroine, however, are further marked through the powerful language of dress, in itself a semiotic system that reinscribes age, class, and particularly gender. Y cualquier persona de gusto sabe que lo afeminado y lo femenino son cosas muy diferentes. The author's attitude is quite explicit.
While these Clarinian characters undoubtedly underscore their author's preoccupation with the theme of decadence, as Valis has suggested, 37 they nonetheless betray a fascination with gender inversion. Clarin's rejection of androgyny is consonant with the extreme sexual polarization that typifies nineteenth-century gender ideology, as it was inscribed in the complementary discourses of conduct manuals, women's periodicals, and popular fiction.
In her work on androgyny, Carolyn Heilbrun cites as examples of more fluid and forgiving attitudes toward gender the texts of Euripedes and Aristophanes and the numerous examples of cross-dressing found in Renaissance theater Kahn models a study of the structure of narrative cross-dressing on medical definitions related to psychoanalysis. It is also important to reconsider Kahn's assumption that women who write novels using a first person male persona simply do so in order to acquire male authority.
Of these latter novels he singles out the first, Una cristiana - La prueba , in which he finds the narrator unconvincing  partly because his youth is incompatible with the maturity of his vision and the breadth of his knowledge. The real question, Kahn asserts, is not how well a writer succeeds in passing as a member of the opposite sex. A more fruitful line of inquiry is suggested by the question, what does a writer have to gain by accessing a voice on the other side of the structural divide between genders?
Although limited, the acts of cross-dressing attributed to the protagonists of Memorias also merge genders and highlight the interplay between the material body and the garb that covers it, between essences and appearances, between biological sex and the roles and outward trappings of gender. Mauro Pareja, confirmed bachelor and avid observer of human nature, is an aesthete and also something of a dandy. In his initial self-introduction, Mauro reveals his penchant for fashion and finery:.
Not only does his sartorial inclination authorize later comments on female dress, but it also complements other signs of difference. Pareja's white boots are perhaps the most showy among a number of things that distinguish him from the provincial norms of his fictitious Galician town of Marineda: his French blood, his reading habits, and his negative attitude toward marriage, an opinion founded on the many examples of mismatches, and personal and economic misery that he has observed, including that of Benicio Neira.
Mauro's comments to the reader reflect the defensive posture of one accustomed to justifying his strange ways:. Es que practico Me atrae todo lo que es confort , bienestar, pulcritud, decoro. As deconstruction has shown, such a rhetorical erasure is never complete. Even as he rejects effeminacy, Pareja is marked by its negation, and his maleness is further confused by his status as the imaginary creation of a woman writer, by the reader's awareness, particularly during textual forays  into the domestic and vestiary realms, that there may be a woman's voice behind the words of this man.
She makes it clear that, though the townspeople may deride his renegade view of marriage, he is appreciated by many of his fellow citizens. His flirtations with young women are marked by respect for both real and apparent honor; in his friendships with men he is loyal and frank. Nor is he a mere fop. On the one hand, Pareja's narratorial aside anticipates the objections of readers who might protest that his sartorial savoir faire is not appropriate to his sex.
On the other, his expertise stands out as another sign of difference. A closer examination of this scene reveals the extent to which the text's concern with androgyny, with new models for male and female behavior, is articulated through the language of fashion and dress. Pareja soon crosses back over into a more sexually conventional role. Yet from the beginning, the predictability of the novel's ending is belied by crossings, by the erosion of gender boundaries, by masquerades and inverted signs.
La libertad, amiguito Con esos principios, vamos derechitas a Rosa y a sus Rosa is, in other words, a foil that sharpens the thrust of the protagonists' views. Pues nosotras, con atender a la higiene y a la comodidad She also constructs a man, a male narrator through whom she reinforces the desirability of her new, androgynous woman. Alas, Leopoldo. Madrid: Fernando Fe, Aldaraca, Bridget. Theory and Practice of Feminist Literary Criticism. Gabriela Mora and K S.
Van Hooft. Ypsilanti, Mi. Andreu, Alicia. Hispanic Review 53 : Bieder, Maryellen. In the Feminine Mode. Essays on Hispanic Women Writers, Ed. Lewisburg, Pa. Symposium 30 Bravo-Villansante, Carmen. Madrid: Revista de Occidente, Castle, Terry. Masquerade and Civilization. Stanford, Ca: Standford UP, Paris: Centre de Recherches Hispaniques, Dendle, Brian. Columbia, Mo. Feldman, Jessica R.
Garber, Marjorie. New York: Harper Collins, Gilbert, Sandra M. No Man's Land. Vol 2. Sex Changes. New Haven: Yale UP, The Madwoman in the Attic. Heilbrun, Carolyn. Towards Recognition of Androgyny. New York: W. Norton, Hemingway, Maurice. London: Cambridge UP, Kahn, Madeleine. Narrative Transvestism. Ithaca, N. McKendrick, Melveena.
A Study of the Mujer Varonil. Pereda, o la novela idilio. Berkeley, Ca: U of California P, Nimetz, Michael. Modern Language Notes 86 l : Lewisburg, Pa: Bucknell UP, Obras completas. Madrid: Aguilar, Cuento Primitivo Obras completas. Cuentos nuevos. Leda Schiavo. Madrid: Editora nacional, Obras Completas. Episodios nacionales. The Decadent Vision in Leopoldo Alas. The University of Georgia. Abtract : This study introduces two Brazilian women Modernist novelists and looks at how their respective narrative works represent divergent sides of this polemical period in Brazilian letters.
These two contrasting utopian visions are seen ultimately as early twentieth-century speculative fiction. To speak about women writers and feminism in the context of Brazilian Modernist literature is to attribute specific meanings to the words women, feminism and Brazil and the arguments regarding the differences between gender, sexuality, cultural, literary and literacy markers that foster new debates in critical thinking. As Francisco Caetano Lopes Junior eloquently observes:.
For my purposes, I consider all arguments that regard language usage and its subversive intent, whether or not they are classified as essentialist or cultural, in the hopes of placing Brazilian women writers in a literary and social context that is more accessible to modern feminists. For, in my view, theoretical-methodological practices ought to consider the whole of Brazilian history as much as possible, especially in regards to re-evaluations of little-known or ignored texts.
The s Brazilian Modernist movement, the first national avant-garde expression to achieve international recognition, continues to have repercussions in the arts, politics, and socio-cultural history. In large measure this is due to the very complexity of the movement itself, which sought to achieve an intellectual and national identity separate from European influence while, at the same time, it incorporated European political, social and artistic ideals.
Brazilian Modernism embodied a revolt against the reigning intellectual elites and, at the same time, a rupture with two dominant literary traditions: on the one hand, Parnassian thematic and stylistic values, and, on the other, the conventions of Naturalism and nationalism as developed in the Brazilian geographical novel. Both of these writers attacked traditional attitudes, cherished preconceptions and prejudiced aspects of the national sensibility with very disparate results. Literary critics also view Modernism differently. Recent scholars, recognizing the diversity and richness of this vein of Brazilian literature and the persistence of the forces which molded it, have attempted to define and delineate Modernism's far-reaching effects on the writers of the post-twenties.
Revisionist readings of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century texts reveal female protagonists who are socially autonomous: women who work, who are fiscally responsible, widows, single mothers. Nevertheless, there is a fundamental ambiguity: these same characters still operate under social rules of comportment that limit their freedom of action and compel them to observe powerful strictures characteristic of canonical relationships and so, in large measure, Brazilian women writers acceded to their place in history only by internalizing and teaching the ideological stances that illustrate their subjectivity.
Men act, women still react. Clearly, Brazilian women's history is different from their male counterpart's and most assuredly from the masculine portrayal of female reality:. Buarque de Hollanda By language, I prefer a post-structuralist definition, similar to that of Joan Scott who considers the term to mean:. It is not surprising then that the works by Bittencourt and Nogueira Cobra reveal many aspects of cultural pluralism. Strongly committed in their advocacy for women's rights, each writer prescribes to an ideological stance reflective of the split in the Brazilian Modernist movement.
Bittencourt and Nogueira Cobra criticize their own society by projecting positive images of a better one and develop early examples of Brazilian speculative fiction, strongly grounded in disparate visions of utopia that search for ideal communities where almost everyone is equally valued. Brazilian utopian fiction reflects the Modernist period of unrest, political instability, economic expansion and increased urbanization of the s. A quest for identity following the lines of speculative women's fiction is somewhat rare in contemporary Latin American women's literature, but the feminist utopian quest established on the basis of community works to incorporate women into more participatory roles in society.
Speculative women's fiction generally includes several common features; it is concerned with an idealized model of society, one that commonly allows the author to convey her interest in feminist ideology, to examine society's strong preconceptions and to confront stereotypes, sex roles, gender identity and human and social potential. Women's writings, as Natalie Rosinsky offers:. That these novels also embody multiple and at times seemingly conflicting feminist ideologies is evidence not only of the complexity of current feminist inquiry but of feminist fiction's ability to be more than an ideological tract.
The values found in women's speculative fiction are not ambiguous.
Signé expéditeur Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books
The individual is responsible to and for the society, and communication is the tool that ensures the acting out of this responsibility between self and Other. Just as the individual is responsible within the collective community to ensure that a balance is kept between the natural world and the society's use of it, so science and technology ought to function toward the good of society and not against nature. In this light, the woman writer of speculative fiction offers new ways of thinking about self and the Other, power and powerlessness.
Indeed, during a visit in to the United States, Bittencourt, acting in an official capacity, spent a considerable amount of time visiting orphanages, public schools, and juvenile courts. Both forums served as literary platforms for some of the women writers active in the s and s who were ineligible for membership to the Academia Nacional de Letras, including such figures as Lygia Fagundes Telles, Dinah Silveira de Querioz and Henriqueta Lisboa. Bittencourt surely considered herself a feminist in line with the Brazilian feminist movement of the s and s that modeled itself after positivist ideas suggesting that both men and women have gender-specific contributions to make to society.
Feminismo latino. Even though we might question her political direction in light of her racial and class commentaries in promoting a respect for traditional values, Bittencourt certainly exemplifies a feminism influenced by positivism. Peggy Sharpe recalls that positivists believed that women, in their domain as wives, were morally superior to men and that:.