Thomas' and Aristotle's philosophy but the more general historical problem of the theocentric view of the world represented by St. Thomas and its relationship to the Greek. An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.
Humanists’ work in RE
Humanism and Theology By Werner Jaeger. No cover image. Read preview. Excerpt The problem of humanism and theology was suggested to me by the fact that the Aristotelian Society invited me, the classical humanist and student of Greek philosophy, to deliver this year's Aquinas Lecture. Stone Routledge, Read preview Overview.
Common types of primary sources include works of literature, historical documents, original philosophical writings, and religious texts. Haldane Yale University Press, As an ethical doctrine, it affirms the dignity and worth of all people and their ability to determine right and wrong purely by appeal to universal human qualities , especially rationality. It searches for truth and morality through human means in support of human interests , and focuses on the human capacity for self-determination.
It endorses universal morality Moral Universalism based on the commonality of the human condition. As a metaphysical doctrine, Humanism believes in a naturalistic metaphysics or attitude toward the universe that considers all forms of the supernatural as myth, and regards Nature as the totality of being, and as a constantly changing system of matter and energy which exists independently of any mind or consciousness.
It rejects the validity of transcendental justifications , such as a dependence on belief without reason , the supernatural , or texts of allegedly divine origin. It considers faith an unacceptable basis for action, and holds that it is up to humans to find the truth, as opposed to seeking it through revelation , mysticism , tradition or anything else that is incompatible with the application of logic to the observable evidence. It is therefore generally compatible with Atheism and Agnosticism , but does not require these, and can be compatible with some religions.
It is an ethical process , not a dogma about the existence or otherwise of gods. To some extent, it supplements or supplants the role of religions, and can be considered in some ways as "equivalent" to a religion. As an epistemological doctrine, it supports scientific skepticism i. As a political philosophy , Humanism emphasizes individual freedom and responsibility, human values and compassion , and the need for tolerance and cooperation , and it rejects authoritarian beliefs.
It affirms that we must take responsibility for our own lives and the communities and world in which we live. The term "humanism" was coined in , based on the 15th Century Italian term "umanista", which was originally used to designate a teacher or student of classic literature. Humanist thought can be traced back to the time of Gautama Buddha - B. In ancient Greece , Thales , who is credited with creating the maxim "Know thyself" in the 6th Century B. Xenophanes of Colophon - B. Many medieval Muslim thinkers pursued humanistic, rational and scientific discourses in their search for knowledge, meaning and values, and were open to the humanistic ideas of Individualism , Skepticism and Liberalism.
Outline of humanism
Certain aspects of Renaissance Humanism has its roots in the medieval Islamic world. Renaissance Humanism was a movement in Europe , roughly covering the 15th and 16th Centuries.
The revival of the study of Latin and Greek , and the resultant interpretations of Roman and Greek texts , affected the whole cultural, political, social and literary landscape of Europe. Humanists were opposed to the dominant Scholastic philosophy of the day derived from St.
Humanism - Wikipedia
Thomas Aquinas , and this opposition revived a classical debate which referred back to Plato and the Platonic dialogues. Renaissance Humanists promoted human worth and individual dignity , and believed in the practice of the liberal arts for all classes. In the 19th and 20th Centuries, various organizations were founded to promote humanist principles, including the Humanistic Religious Association formed in , the British Humanist Association , the American Humanist Association and the International Humanist and Ethical Union
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